Here’s Why Some People Can Run On Little To No Sleep
You went to sleep at 2 a.m. and you have a meeting at 8:30. Are you miserably dragging yourself out of bed, or are you ready to seize the day? There’s a scientific reason why some people need a solid eight to nine hours and why some people can function perfectly after getting just five to six. Researchers discovered that it’s all in the genes.
In studies, researchers found evidence that certain people carry a gene, BHLHE41, that allows them to function on six hours of sleep or less. The gene is most commonly found, interestingly enough, in one of two twins, though individuals without a twin can carry the gene. In the case that one twin has the gene, that twin naturally needs less sleep than the other.
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine conducted a study in which the effects of sleep deprivation of 100 twin pairs were monitored. Participants experienced 38 hours of sleep deprivation in a controlled setting.
Results of the study found that participants with the gene reported average to good performance and required less recovery after the deprivation test (they slept an average of eight hours after the deprivation test). Their twin counterparts experienced more lapses in performance and required more sleep, about nine and a half hours, after the test.
The study concluded that the gene, which is rare and is only present in approximately 2 to 3 percent of Americans, allows people to sleep less and function just as well as those who get a full night’s rest. If you’re one of those people, consider yourself extremely lucky. If you’re with the rest of us, get some shut eye — you need it.